Physics 10-B,     Winter  2005
TuTh    4:40-6:00pm ,   55 Roessler,   
Discussion Groups:
· Discussion group B01 (CRN 86963): Tu 6:10-7:00pm, 148 Phys/Geo

Teacher: Professor Ling-Lie Chau
UCD Physics Department
Office: 431 Phy/Geo; phone: 752-2715; e-mail:
Office hour:  431 Phys/Geo; Monday 3:10-4pm, or by appointment.

Further Guidelines for Homework
Guidelines for study and for exam preparation
UCD Code of Academic Conduct
Grading and Bonus-point Policies

The Cosmos and String Theory (the Theory of Everything)

Inside the Eagle Nebula

  Inside the Eagle Nebula

Goals of the Course
* Learning, as non-scientists, up-to-date information and current understanding of our universe.
* Cultivating logical and creative thinking.
* Developing the ability to do “back-of-the-envelope” numerical estimates (two significant figures).
* Promoting self-discipline and participation skills and spirit.
* Making it a lifetime-enriching experience .

 Course Outline
  · Powers of 10, Significant Figures, and Units.
  · Our Place in the Universe
  · The Science of Astronomy
  · A Universe of Matter and Energy
  · The Universal Law of Motion
  · Light: The Cosmic Messenger
  · Space and Time
  · Spacetime and Gravity
  · Building Blocks of the Universe
  · Our Star, and Properties of Stars
  · Galaxies, From Here to Horizon
  · Dark Matter, Dark Energy and the Fate of the Universe
  · The Beginning of Time

* J. Bennett, M. Donahue, N. Schneider, and M. Voit, “The Cosmic Perspective,” 3RD ed., 2004.
* B. Greene,
    “The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory,” 1999, with the 2003 Preface.
Web on Greene's "The Elegant Universe"

Reading Assignments

Reference Web Sites  

Fractals: math, art, & infinite possibilitues
Indras Pearls : math, art, & infintie possibilities
Escher's endless gallery view  
Escher's Official Site  
Simulation of the End of the Cosmic Dark Age, by Gnedin of  Colorado U
Cosmic Reionization: the End of the Cosmic Dark Age, observation by Becker et al & by Djorgovski et al, 2001 

                                                 Dark  Energy Fills the Cosmos, 
    LBL,   Berkeley,      1999

Nobel Prizes
Nobel Laureates in Physics
to UCD Library Home

Books reserved for phy010B at Shields
to Patricia Schwarz's web, Superstring
to collection of superstring sites
to Cambridge U Superstring web
to Wright's Cosmology Tutorial         Curvature of the universe
to Hubble Space Telescope Public Pictures
to Astronomy Picture of the Day
to Imagine Site of NASA
to Home page of NASA
to site about geometry & fate of the universe
to site of Particle Data Group
to Chau's Davis Honors Challenge 2001 web
to Chau's Davis Honors Challenge 2002 web    

List of 10C (C for constancy)    
10C/C0: To begin with
10C/C1: G, Newton's law of motion & universal law of gravity  
10C/C2-3: c; Maxwell's eqs for E&M;  h, Planck's work;  E=mc^2, Einstein's special relativity    
10C/C4-5: E=M^2, Einstein's special relativity, and general relativity
10C/C6-7-8: Quantum Physics; Building Blocks of the Universe; Standard Model & Gauge Principle
10C/C9-10: Grand Unification (GUT); The Theory of Everything (TOE)    

Guidelines for study and for exam preparation

Class Activities
Simulation of cosmic ionization by the birth of stars  
Cosmic ionization
Class 20, 3/15/05, Quiz 3, 5:00-5:50pm      
Class 19, 3/10/05, Highlights
Recent acceleration & past deacceleration of the universe    
First Observed "Invisible" (Dark) Gallaxy, 2/24/05    
Class 18 & Discussion 9, 3/8/05, Highlights 
Evidence of a supermassive blackhole (3.7M Sun mass) in the center of our galaxy    
Fusion, fision, generation of energy , & making bombs     Credit
Fission & dirty bomb    
Class 17, 3/3/05, Highlights      

Class 16 & Discussion 8, Highlights & plans (Quiz 3 will be 5:00-5:50pm, Tu 3/15/05), & bonus project
Class 15, 2/24/05, Quiz 2 & lecture

Periodic Table from web site
Energy generation in the Sun & stars   
Class 14 & Discussion 7, 2/22/05, Highlights  

Four Laws of Thermodynamics    Global Positioning System (GPS)     The Theory of Relativity     Credits
Class 13, 2/17/05, Preview       Announcement & Reminder
Class 12& Discussion 6, 2/15/05, Highlights       Reminder: Quiz 2, etc.

Class 11, 2/10/05, Highlights & Bonus-pt Project     Announcements
  Thursday classes begin with a 5-to-8-min Bonus-pt exercise

Class 10 & Discussion 5, 2/8/05, Highlights
Class 9, 2/3/05, Quiz 1 & lecture        

Class 8 & Discussion 4, 2/1/05, Highlights       Important Announcements
Important Reminder: New HW due time, New Office Hours, Drop Date, etc.    
Class 7, 1/27/05, Highlight  
Taking square root without a calculator   
Ellipse, semimajor, semiminor, eccentricity, etc  
Class 6 & Discussion 3, 1/25/05, Highlights
Einstein's Miracle Year Centenary       More sites and Credits
Class 5, 1/20/05, Highlights
Class 4 & Discussion 2, 1/18/05, Highlights & Important Anouncements
The Ptolemy Universe

Ptolemy, Copernicus, Brahe, Kepler, Galileo, Newton
MSNBC: Symphony of Everything
Scientific Scale (log10)     More sites and Credtit s

Class 3, 1/13/05, Highlights

Class 2 & Discussion 1, 1/11/05, Highlights
1 L = 10^-3 m^3 = 10^3 cm^3, also see a web about liter

Class 1, 1/6/05, Highlights  
Units confusion bunrt the $125M Mars Polar Lander

Useful web site on units: site of Rowlett at U of N Carolina

Bees use vector analysis to find way home ; More sites and Credit s
The timeline of definition of the meter  
Useful web site on latest estimate of age of the universe
Useful web site on fundamental constants: site of Particle Data Group

Below are future class dates and links. Contents will be filled in and the links moved up as the class progresses.

Cosmic Microwave (CMB) Anisotropy
Simulation of the End of the Cosmic Dark Age, by Gnedin of  Colorado U
Cosmic Reionization: the End of the Cosmic Dark Age, observation by Becker et al & by Djorgovski et al, 2001  
Class 20, 3/15/05, Final Exam Reminder; Hightlights; & concluding matters
Class 19, 3/10/05, Announcemetnts & Preview
Class 18, 3/8/05, preview; handing out graded Quiz 3, etc.

Class 17, 3/3/05, Quiz 3
3/2/04 news, Water on Mars
Hint to HW8, SA8.2    
Class 16, 3/1/05,
Highlights; Announcements and Preview
Class 15, 2/24/05, Highlights;  Announcements & Preview
Blackhole in NGC613, 65 Mly away  
Periodic Table from web site
Wave Packet animations, Rochester U web site
Hints to HW7
Class 14, 2/22/05; Highlights

particle physics, SLAC, Stanford, CA
particle physics, CERN, European Center
particle physics, Fermilab, IL
All about known matter: ParticleDataGroup educational site
Class 13, 2/17/05: Quiz2;
S4 of TB1: Building Blocks of the U    
Futherest object (a galaxy, 13 Gyr away, Z~7) observed through gravitational lensing, by Richard Ellis at al.
Futherest object, from Astro-picture-of-the-day
Class 12, 2/15/05: Spactime & Gravity; Review for Quiz2
Class 11, 2/10/05; Reminder of Quiz 2
Hulse & Taylor: new type of pulsar & gravitational radiation
Rubbia & van der Meer: discovering force particles (W & Z) of electroweak force, adding to the photon
Glashow, Salam, & Weinberg: electroweak theory

Yang & Lee: parity violation; Yang & Mills: gauge symmetry

Penzias & Wilson: discovering cosmic microwave background
Bethe: explaination of star energy  
Pauli, 1945 Nobel Prize: exclusion principle; quantum physics; proposed neutirno
Davisson & Thomson, 1927 Nobel Prize, showed the wave property of electron in the 1920'  

Schroedinger's wave eq. for partivles in 1926 & Dirac's anti-matter in 1928 & 1930, etc. 1933 Nobel Prize.  
De Broglie, Nobel Prize 1929: theoretical discovery of wave properties of particles in 192
Heisenberg: uncertainty relations, etc.
Einstein: photo electric effect, special & general relativity, Brownian motion, etc.
Michelson & Morley: Observing constant c, indepent of motions of an observer
J.J. Thomson, 1906 Nobel Prize: Discovered electron in 1897
Lorentz of the Lorentz transformation, a forerunner of Einstein and his special relativity

Class 10, 2/8/05, 
Class 9, 2/3/05
Class 8, 2/1/05    

Class 7, 1/27/05,
Quiz 1
Class 6, 1/25/05
Class 5, 1/20/05

Class 4, 1/18/05


Copyright c 2004 by Professor Ling-Lie Chau. Copyrights reserved for all original material presented in this course. Request for permission or further information should be addressed to Professor Ling-Lie Chau.